Biological water treatment is essential because drinking contaminated water can cause illness. There are many types of contaminants, and the most common are human and animal feces, agricultural run-off, and chemicals. These contain pathogens, which cause water-borne diseases. These pathogens can quickly spread via different methods.
Here are some of the most common diseases that can be eliminated by biological drinking water treatment, and classified by the type of organisms that cause them.
Parasites or protozoa can cause water-borne diseases. They are neither bacterial nor viral and can be very hard to treat. Amebic dysentery, giardiasis, and schistosomiasis are all parasitic diseases caused by contaminated water.
You can become infected by swallowing a juice or water that did not undergo biological treatment of water pollution. Other means of contracting some of these parasitic diseases are by contact. When contaminated water enters a tear in the skin, then it is possible to become infected with the disease.
These parasitic diseases will present in various symptoms, and the most common is diarrhea. These are initially non-life-threatening, but they can easily progress into more severe conditions.
Different types of bacteria may also be present in water and can cause diarrhea and various gastrointestinal symptoms. You can find Campylobacter and E. Coli in contaminated food and water. These are the most commonly ingested bacteria. They are the common culprits for gastroenteritis.
Typhoid fever is another common disease caused by a bacteria called Salmonella. Most of these diseases affect people with compromised immune systems. Aside from enteric and metabolic symptoms, patients with typhoid fever are at risk of dehydration and malnutrition. Some people are carriers of the Salmonella bacteria. They don’t exhibit symptoms, but they can spread the disease by handling other people’s food and water.
Cholera is another water-borne bacterial disease. When authorities and property owners do not prioritize biological treatment of water, all or any of these illnesses can suddenly emerge. It is important to report any of these diseases to hospitals or the CDC so that they can provide appropriate recommendations.
Hepatitis A is a water-borne disease that is caused by a viral pathogen. People come down with Hep A by ingesting water that is contaminated by human feces. It is crucial for food establishments and homes to screen water and handlers and to undergo biological water treatment solution for food safety. Contaminated water also causes coronavirus disease.
What to Do if You Have Signs and Symptoms?
Knowing the disease symptoms and taking necessary steps for treatment is crucial. Performing standard precautions can prevent serious medical conditions that result from water contamination. Handwashing and proper hygiene must be practiced by everyone in the household to avoid transfer of these pathogens.
If you plan to go to an area where these pathogens are naturally occurring, then make sure to bring your distilled water and purifiers just to be safe. You may also take prophylactic treatment to improve your immune system just before traveling to a high-risk location. There are many ways to prevent viral pathogens from taking over your immune system.
Always be cautious of diarrhea, fever, nausea, and vomiting. If you happen to experience these symptoms for at least three days, it is best to go to the emergency room for diagnosis.
Suspect water pollution and contamination and consider biological treatment of water to ensure that other occupants in your household are safe.