As early as August 1, 2008, the national list of hazardous waste had been the recovery of the energy saving lamps included. However, for waste energy saving lamps may harm caused to the environment and human health, the public did not know. Until now, energy saving lamp recycling policy is still blank.
How future waste disposal?
Than ordinary incandescent lamp, energy saving lamp lighting and energy saving effect and long service life, the relevant government departments and the strong market promotion. Resulting a real problem: Since the green lighting project launched in 2008, the state financial subsidies to promote 360 million energy saving lamps, of which the first batch of the main models for T5, T8 energy saving straight tube fluorescent lamps or other energy saving lamps, as early as 2012 began to enter the focus on end of life. Waste energy saving lamps are very toxic to deal with the poor degree of contamination will be very high, exactly how to deal with end-of-life lamp, become a big problem.
Do not know the harm of pollution only know how to energy saving and benefit
Research indicates that: even by the latest European environmental standards, an energy saving lamp mercury content of about 3 to 5mg. Once broken, a mercury content of 5 mg of energy saving lamps can be up to 50 tons of pollution of surface water.
'If the mercury-contaminated water, fish and other aquatic food chain after ingestion will cause damage to the human central nervous system, the light difficulty in walking, movement disorders, mental retardation, severe mental disorder, convulsions, and finally result in death.
Contain mercury, lead and other toxic and harmful elements, old compact fluorescent Lamps by experts known as the second largest after the waste batteries garbage sources of mercury pollution.
Who recycle? Who deal with?
The ordinary garbage area separate from the community, and safe transport to a disposal company, is the most important issue of recycling waste energy saving lamps encounter.
Energy saving lamps are fragile, there is no specialized recycling containers placed, thus increasing the transport process difficult to save. In addition, the community recycling aspects, not found before the complete recovery approach, if mandated to focus on recycling, can only bring side recycling and pollution concentrated pollution, energy saving lamps dispersed.
Even if the recovery of part solved, who will deal with a problem. Waste energy saving lamps contain mercury, toxic, recycling equipment must be highly automated, the equipment investment of up to thousands of yuan, many small and medium enterprises can not afford to buy. Ultimately depend on to develop our own technology and equipment.
The mercury recycling difficult, the high cost of technology, recycling waste energy saving lamps to clarify responsibilities party. Professional recovery team can be a dealer, you can also manufacturer. In addition, governments need to give financial subsidies and preferential policies appropriate recycling business. Government to speed up the legislation of recycling waste energy saving lamps, clear responsibilities and obligations between producers, consumers and sellers, to make it a legal basis.
Not only that, improve production processes, promote the use of low-mercury technology, industry experts believe that to address abandoned the ways of energy saving light pollution from the source. In addition, China has not yet independent research and development of waste energy saving lamp recycling equipment and related technology, domestic equipment from abroad, the introduction of high. If you do not develop their own technology, blindly rely on imported equipment will greatly increase the economic burden of recycling waste energy saving lamps
Further reading: refer to EU and USA
EU almost demanding quality standards of energy saving lamps(Bombillas Bajo Consumo), EU CE certification WEEE (Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive ) and RoHS (restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment). Sweden and Germany, the two parallel channels of sales system recovery and community recycling.
The United States Environmental Protection Law 'stipulates that the original owner of the waste is always responsible for the waste. Seven states do not allow the energy saving lamps placed directly on the the conventional garbage bag, other states have a specific time of the year dealing with waste energy saving lamps.
Japan is recovered in the energy saving lamps do a better job handling countries, Hokkaido specialized institutions to dispose of used batteries and energy saving lamps. In its collection methods, 93% by non-governmental environmental organizations to collect 7% collected by the manufacturers.