Keywords: EMS, environmental management systems, solid waste management, waste legislation, environmental awareness, knowledge levels, motivation, small and medium-sized enterprises, SMEs, steering agents, metal engineering, source separation, waste recycling, waste treatment
Drivers of solid waste minimisation in Finnish metal engineering SMEs: the role of Environmental Management Systems
The paper reports on a survey in Finnish small- and medium-sized metal engineering enterprises (SMEs) with certified Environmental Management System (EMS). Waste awareness has increased after certifying EMS and the treatment of solid waste has improved; source separation of solid waste facilitated the recovery of recyclables and their diversion from landfill. EMS has raised knowledge levels, in particular on recycling of solid waste, and the attitudes toward environmental improvements have improved. However, it is concluded that, while certified EMS brought positive changes in waste treatment, it did not promote waste minimisation and prevention.