Economic Evaluation of a Directive on National Emission Ceilings for Certain Atmospheric Pollutants
The study makes an assessment of what set of national emission ceilings would be most cost-effective in meeting the different possible targets for reducing ozone and acidification. For each target the cost effective set of ceilings was calculated, taking into account differences in abatement costs between member states, and the different impact of pollutants depending on their point of origin. Three scenarios (high, central and low ambition) were examined for meeting ozone targets. Three additional scenarios were examined in which targets were set for both ozone and acidification. For each scenario, the consultants calculated what set of emission ceilings would allow the targets to be met across Europe at least cost. This analysis was performed using a detailed model of emission sources and costs of pollution control technologies (the RAINS model).