Biomass-based energy carriers (BBEC) especially advanced ones such as biofuels, hydrogen and electricity from biomass are often considered to have the potential to contribute to reduction of GHG emissions. In this paper we conduct an analysis of the economic prospects and potentials of advanced BBEC in EU-15 countries up to 2050. We show which energy output from these energy carriers can be expected in the future under different conditions. The major conclusion is that in the most promising scenario by 2050 energy carriers based on biomass can provide an overall additional energy quantity of about 4,650 PJ. This equals about 7% of total final energy consumption in EU-15 in 2010.
Keywords: energy carriers, biomass, biofuels, hydrogen, costs, scenarios, energy output