Keywords: macroeconomics, microeconomics, strategic eco-efficiency, International Sustainable Development Research Society, industrial ecology, sustainability
Editorial: Eco-efficiency is important when it is strategic
Microeconomics Eco-Efficiency (EE) theory is now a normative and prescriptive political position and a management goal. Macroeconomics science proves that microeconomics EE theory is false. The EE overall objective and vision is a relative ratio. That of macroeconomics sustainability is an absolute limit. Simple calculations of EE and factor X targets for different countries support the hypothesis. The editorial also introduces the eight contributions to this double special issue. Articles are derived from the 11th Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference, Helsinki, Finland held on 58 June 2005.