EEA in brief
The European Environment Agency (EEA) is a specialised agency of the European Union dedicated to providing objective, reliable and comparable information on the all aspects of the environment. The aim of the EEA is to ensure that decision-makers and the general public are kept informed about the state and outlook of the environment. The EEA also provides the necessary independent scientific knowledge and technical support to enable the Community and member countries take appropriate measures to protect and improve the environment as laid down by the Treaty and by successive Community action programmes on the environment and sustainable development. The EEA works in partnership with government departments and agencies, international conventions and UN bodies, the scientific, technical and research communities, private sector and civil society.
The EEA undertakes a comprehensive range of integrated environmental and thematic assessments. These include a five-yearly state and outlook of the environment report, thematic and sectoral assessments, analyses of the effectiveness of policy measures, forward studies and the impacts of globalization on Europe's environment and resources. The EEA is an important source and custodian of up to date environmental data and indicators, and a key provider of environmental knowledge and information services.
The European Environment Agency (EEA) and the European environment information and observation network (Eionet) were established by EEC Regulation 1210/90 on 7 May 1990 (as amended by EC Regulation 933/1999 of 29 April and EC Regulation 1641/2003 of the European Parliament and Council of 22 July 2003). The decision to locate the Agency in Copenhagen was taken in 1993 and the EEA became operational in 1994. Regulation (EC) No 401/2009 of the European Parliament and the Council codified the original founding regulation and its subsequent two amendments without substantive changes; Regulation 401/2009 has entered into force on 10 June 2009 repealing Regulations 1210/90, 993/1999 and 1641/2003. The founding regulation sets out a number of tasks (article 2) and priority areas (article 3) for the EEA, which are addressed through its multi-annual and annual work programmes.