Keywords: radiation emergencies, radiation monitoring, atmospheric dispersion models, situation analyses, data uncertainty, monitoring strategy, radiological emergency, nuclear emergency, emergency management, emergency preparedness, uncertainty
Effective use of radiation monitoring data and dispersion calculations in an emergency
An essential prerequisite for the proper management of a radiation emergency is that measurement data and calculation prognoses are available and that they are produced in an efficient manner. This paper reviews some of the factors contributing to the practice of performing radiation measurements and atmospheric-dispersion-model calculations effectively and discusses the issues related to the uncertainties and interpretation of results. It stresses the importance of various advance analyses and preprepared strategies and recommends a database architecture for the management of dispersion-model calculation results.