Effects of common dissolved anions on the reduction of para-chloronitrobenzene by zero-valent iron in groundwater

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Courtesy of IWA Publishing

Batch tests were conducted to evaluate the influences of several common dissolved anions in groundwater on the reduction of para-chloronitrobenzene (p-CNB) by zero-valent iron (ZVI). The results showed that p-CNB reduction was enhanced by both Cl− and SO42−. HCO3− could either improve or inhibit p-CNB reduction, depending on whether the mixing speed was intense enough to rapidly eliminate Fe–carbonate complex deposited on ZVI surface. Above a concentration of 100 mg L−1, NO3− increased the p-CNB reduction rate. The reduction rate by ClO4− decreased because the ClO4− competed with p-CNB for electrons. The p-CNB reduction was inhibited by PO43−, SiO32− and humic acid, in the order humic acid < PO43− < SiO32−, since these ions could form inner-sphere complexes on iron surface. The reaction even ceased when the ion concentrations were greater than 4, 0.5, and 30 mg L−1, respectively. The results indicated that common dissolved anions in groundwater should be taken into account when ZVI is applied for contaminated groundwater remediation.

Keywords: anions, para-chloronitrobenzene, reduction, zero-valent iron

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