Keywords: tobacco, Type 2 diabetes, biochemistry, snuff, smoking, hemoglobin, diabetic patients
Effects of tobacco (smoking and snuffing) in type 2 diabetic patients
The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of tobacco on different biochemical and physical parameters in type 2 diabetic subjects from Dera Ismail Khan, NWFP, Pakistan. A total of 100 chronic type 2 diabetic patients of different age and sex with no tobacco addiction and with tobacco addiction were requested to volunteer their complete biodata on a given Performa. Blood biochemical parameters were determined using Automatic Chemistry Analyzer. Mean fasting glucose level of smoking, snuff, and both addicted diabetic group was nonsignificantly higher with pvalue > 0.05 as compared to control group. Similarly glycosylated hemoglobin level of smoking, snuff addicted diabetic group was also nonsignificantly higher but that of both addicted group was nonsignificantly lower with pvalue > 0.05. Similarly the cholesterol, triglycerides, HDLcholesterol, LDLcholesterol levels of smoking, snuff and both addicted diabetic groups were nonsignificantly changed as compared to diabetic control group with pvalue > 0.05 respectively. It is concluded that there is no additional adverse effect of tobacco on the biochemistry of diabetic patients.