Overall approach for scoring
The evaluation of the overall country performance is based on simple scoring rules: for each data flow, the maximum score is 3 points and the minimum score is – 1 point (see the detailed evaluation criteria on pages 8–17 in this report). Scores from all priority data flow areas are summed up for each country and then expressed as a percentage of the country's maximum score. Maximum scores are country specific, as not all countries are involved in all data flows.
A result of 0% means that no data have been delivered at all. A result of 100% means that complete data sets for all areas have been delivered on time.
N/A means not applicable. Some data flows are only relevant for the 28 Member States of the European Union. Furthermore, some countries such as Austria are not party to the relevant marine conventions.
Trend compared to the previous year
In Table 1, the trend of country performance in comparison to the previous cycle is indicated. The arrows show the overall trend in the following categories:
- Strong positive trend. Score has improved by more than 15%.
- Positive trend. Score has improved between 5% and 15%.
- No clear trend. Score has changed by less than 5%.
- Negative trend. Score has deteriorated between 5% and 15%.
- Strong negative trend. Score has deteriorated by more than 15%.
Evolution of priority data flow reporting Data flow progress reporting began in 1999 with an initial geographical coverage of the original 18 member countries of EEA. The coverage was extended in 2000 by including the 13 countries (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) from the then Phare programme. Further extensions have increased the number of participating countries to 39: Malta (joining in 2004), Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro (joining in 2005), Cyprus, Switzerland and Turkey (joining in 2006) and Kosovo under UNSCR 1244/99 (joining in 2011).
In 1998, Eionet discussions on data flows focused on those which were seen as the key reporting activities for the thematic areas of air emissions, air quality, fresh water, marine, designated areas and Corine land cover. The set of information identified at that time has indeed proved to be a stable long term requirement for EEA's assessments. The significant evolution of environmental legislation during the period has tended to strengthen rather than change these requirements.
Changes in the current data flow report
Only eight priority data flows have been evaluated in the present data flow cycle (May 2014–April 2015), a substantially smaller number compared to previous years. The most significant changes in the list were the suspension of several freshwater data flows and the reorganisation of air quality data flows as a consequence of changing EU legislation. Furthermore, it has not been possible to include the evaluation of greenhouse gas inventory data as originally planned, due to a substantial reporting delay in this data flow.
Outlook for the next data flow report
The scope of the next priority data flow report will depend on the outcome of the ongoing work of the working group on Eionet priority data flows which is reviewing the current set of data flows with a view to aligning them with the EEA priorities and needs deriving from Multiannual Work Programme (MAWP) 2014–2018 and the 7th Environment Action Programme (EAP). The Working Group will deliver their recommendations to the November 2015 meeting of EEA's Management Board.
Reportnet data collection for the priority data flows and beyond
The priority data flows presented in this report are a subset of EEA's data collection activities. In total, more than 2500 data deliveries have been received in Reportnet during the period 1 May 2014 to 30 April 2015, but only around 550 of these are related to priority data flows. The remaining deliveries were made under 90 different reporting obligations, including the following prominent EU legislation:
- Reporting under Air Quality Directives (2004/107/EC and 2008/50/EC), as defined in the Commission Implementing Decision (2011/850/EU)
- Bathing Water Directive (2006/7/EC)
- Birds Directive (79/409/EEC)
- CO2 emissions from light commercial vehicles (Regulation 510/2011/EU)
- CO2 emissions from passenger cars (Regulation 443/2009/EC)
- Drinking Water Directive (98/83/EC)
- Emissions Trading Directive (2003/87/EC)
- Environmental Noise Directive (2002/49/EC)
- Floods Directive (2007/60/EC)
- Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism (Regulation 525/2013/EU)
- Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC)
- Reporting under the Industrial Emissions Directive (2010/75/EU), as defined in the Commission Implementing Decision (2012/795/EU)
- INSPIRE Directive (2007/2/EC)
- IPPC Directive (2008/1/EC)
- Large Combustion Plants Directive (2001/80/EC)
- Marine Strategy Framework Directive (2008/56/EC)
- Solvent Emissions Directive (1999/13/EC)
- Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive (91/271/EEC)
- Waste Incineration Directive (2000/76/EC)
- Water Framework Directive (2000/60/EC).