Keywords: electric vehicles, vehicular traffic congestion, environmental pollution, parking lots, public transport management, motorisation, urbanisation, India, Delhi
Electric vehicle: a futuristic approach to reduce pollution (A case study of Delhi)
In developing countries, city traffic is growing at a very fast rate. Rapid urbanisation, industrialisation, insurance and loan facilities etc., are some of the important factors which accelerate the growth of traffic in urban areas. The city of Delhi, like other cities in developing countries, is facing an acute transport management problem. This primary transport management problem leads to many more secondary problems such as traffic congestion, high energy consumption, loss of productivity, increase in accidental death rates, vehicular parking problem and deterioration of the environment. In this paper, we conducted a survey based on a structured questionnaire for the need for electric vehicles. By analysis of the data collected, we found that if the people opt for the Electric Vehicle (EV), the pollution emitted by all the cars and jeeps will be reduced to 75,991 tonnes from 1,01,051 tonnes per year. Similarly, on the adoption of EV cars in Delhi, an amount of Rs. 4940.51 − 3715.26 = Rs. 1225.25 crores (Approx. USD 28,16,663) can be reduced, which is now being annually spent on petrol.