Keywords: electronic monitoring, information technology, criminal justice, electronic supervision, surveillance technology, offender monitoring, prison overcrowding
Electronic monitoring in criminal justice system: an alternative supervision with IT perspective
As the advent of the information age, information technology (IT) has become a powerful strategic weapon for a business to improve or create its competitive advantages. Given impetus from IT and the recent increase in the inmates population, criminal justice agencies now use an alternative to traditional incarceration: electronic supervision. This article introduces the development of surveillance technology in offender monitoring systems and its industry situation. Issues involved in the effective use of such systems and future trend of electronic monitoring technology are also addressed.