Keywords: technology integration, bio-fouling, microfiltration membrane, membrane bioreactors, flatplate membrane, hollow fibre membrane, gallium arsenide, metal recovery, high speed centrifuge, shrinking particle model, mass transfer coefficients, gallium recovery
Emerging technologies, integration with proven processes, and the challenges they represent
This paper will focus on integration of a new, emerging technology with the old, proven methods to affect a hybrid process. By doing so, the net effect is often a cost-effective compromise and a relatively painless solution to otherwise difficult problems. The concept is simple, but mixing the new with the old is not without risks. We shall also examine the pitfalls of bringing a metal recovery process to full-scale implementation before the intricacies and nuances of the process chemistry are well enough understood.