Atmospheric pollution contributes to several prominent environmental issues that arise due to emissions to the atmosphere (air emissions) from a variety of mainly anthropogenic (man-made) activities. This report covers air emissions that contribute to the following issues:
• acidification and eutrophication;
• tropospheric ozone;
• urban air quality (particulate matter).
This report includes information on EEA-18 member countries, as well as the following 10 accession countries: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Slovakia. In addition to trends in national total emissions, emission indicators are also presented by main economic sector (energy, industry, transport, agriculture) showing the different contributions to the environmental issues by these sectors.
The report has been prepared by the European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change (ETC/ACC) as part of its work programme for the European Environment Agency (EEA). The report provides information available by October 2001 and thus provides an update of information provided in earlier EEA reports.
ETC/ACC assists EEA member countries to collect and report emission data. Data used for this report is the official data submitted to EMEP by countries under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP). ETC/ACC compiles from these country data a European emissions database (Corinair) and from this is able to provide air emissions data and indicators for the main EEA assessment reports. Where necessary these data have been supplemented with interpolated estimates to fill gaps and complete the European picture. The data and indicators presented in this report are fully consistent with the data and indicators presented in the most recent EEA indicator-based report Environmental signals 2002 (EEA, 2002a).
Why indicators on air emissions?
Reliable (accurate), consistent, comparable, transparent, complete and timely data and indicators on air emissions are important for policy-making and policy implementation:
• to identify and quantify the pressures on the environment and to assess the impacts on the state of the environment, human health and materials;
• to develop abatement strategies and prioritise policies and measures for the main source categories (sectors) in a costeffective way;
• to monitor the effects of implemented policies and measures in terms of reduced or avoided emissions and changes in impacts.
This includes monitoring of internationally agreed emission reduction targets defined in protocols to the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (e.g. the Gothenburg Protocol 1999) and/or EU directives (e.g. the national emission ceiling directive 2001). • to inform the public, by means of air emission indicators (which are an aggregation of more detailed data).