The system for waste treatment tends to be similar in all part of Norway due to national environmental strategy and legislation demanding the municipalities to recycle and prevent pollution. The amount of waste increases as economy grows. According to data from Statistics Norway total amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) has increased from 1, 3 . 106 tons in 1995 to 2, 0 . 106 tons in 2005. Larger homes, higher house holding standards, frequent reconstruction together with increased spending on furniture and household appliances are examples of how affluence generates waste.
Using the resources from waste will be important in the years to come. The shortage of energy coupled with an enormous increase and turnover of new products makes it reasonable to develop the technology and infrastructure to turn waste to energy.
In Norway electricity from waterfalls has been the main energy source for households and industry. The infrastructure for district heating has of that reason not been established. This situation is now changing. Electrical energy is expensive and the price is regulated by the international marked. Using renewable such as waste to produce energy has recently become more relevant in Norway.
Energy produced from waste – experiences from Norway