This study is one part of an effort which the member countries (see list below) of the Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) are undertaking on Enhancing Markets for Climate Friendly Technologies. This study focusses on the technologies which governments’ purchase for use in their own facilities, and identifies opportunities for purchasing climate friendly technologies. The study highlights the practical opportunities for governments to purchase climate friendly technologies, and draws governments’ attention to the impact which their purchasing decisions can have on the market for these technologies. If CTI governments purchase climate friendly technologies wherever possible, their purchasing power could significantly increase demand for these technologies, and make a very positive impact on their market.
Climate friendly technologies are, for the purposes of this study, those technologies which reduce energy consumption, or which convert renewable sources of energy into heat or power, and which therefore lead to reduced emissions of greenhouse gases, in particularly carbon dioxide (CO2) - the major greenhouse gas.
The study looks at the activities of both central and local governments in CTI member countries and examines energy use in buildings and appliances in government offices, public housing, schools and institutes of higher education, police and fire stations, prisons and corrective centres, hospitals and residential care homes and military sites. It also examines the fuel choices available for government or public sector vehicle fleets (including publicly owned agencies such as the postal service) and buses.
The following climate friendly technologies are covered:
buildings: heating and cooling: the use of building design to exploit renewable energy technologies such as passive solar, and so reduce the need for fossil-fuel based conventional heating and cooling technologies; the deployment of renewable energy technologies such as solar thermal, photovoltaic (PV) and biomass; the use of high performance windows; technologies such as combined heat and power (CHP); energy efficient boilers; heat pumps; and efficient air conditioning systems;
lighting: use of high frequency lighting, central controls, occupancy sensors;
appliances: office technologies: photocopiers, fax machines, computers, printers, monitors;
other appliances: refrigerators;
vehicles: fuel efficiency and/or the use of alternative fuels in central and local government vehicle fleets and public sector agencies; alternative fuel buses;
communications: use of PV for remote telecommunications and military sites.
The member countries of the CTI include: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States of America. The European Commission also participates.