Keywords: clean development mechanism, CDM implementation, sustainable development, combined heat and power, biomass CHP, district heating, know-how transfer, industrial ecology, value chain, planning tool, knowledge transfer, sustainability, Asia, Thailand
Enhancing the sustainable development contribution of future CDM projects in Asia
This article explores how future CDM projects can be designed to become more attractive for some Asian countries. This might be achieved by enhancing the social and environmental benefits of such projects, e.g., by transforming the existing energy supply systems, by increasing job opportunities connected to the projects and/or by using indigenous biomass resources as fuel thereby phasing out the use of fossil fuels. Thus, 'transformative technologies' - in this case biomass CHP with district heating - could also establish domestic technology manufacturing schemes in the South, and thus, enhance the development effect of CDM projects even further. How this can be achieved in Asian countries is exemplified by a Thai case study and a planning guide (PG) is developed to implement such CDM projects in Asia as a whole. In steps, it demonstrates how the contribution of the proposed CDM project activity to sustainable development can be achieved.