John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Environmental fate of three novel brominated flame retardants in aquatic mesocosms

Currently, little is known about the environmental fate and persistence of novel brominated flame retardants (NBFRs). The recent detection of NBFRs in sediment cores and air samples provides insight into their persistence and potential for transport. Limited numbers of laboratory studies have examined the fate and behavior of these compounds, but field‐based fate studies have been especially lacking. We conducted an aquatic mesocosm experiment to assess the behavior of three NBFRs: bis(tribromophenoxy)ethane (BTBPE), tetrabromobisphenol A bis(2,3‐dibromopropyl ether; TBBPA‐DBPE), and Firemaster BZ‐54, a commercial mixture containing bis(2‐ethylhexyl)tetrabromophthalate (BEHTBP) and 2‐ethylhexyl‐2,3,4,5‐tetrabromobenzoate (EHTeBB), in a ratio of 1:4. Analysis by gas chromatography–mass spectrometer (Agilent 5973), operated in the electron capture negative ionization mode, revealed partitioning between the particulate and sediment phases, with BTBPE, TBBPA‐DBPE, and BEHTBP identified as being environmentally persistent in both the particulate and the sediment compartment. The median dissipation times (DT50) differed in each compartment, with more rapid disappearance in the particulate (9–30 d) compared with the sediment compartment (>100 d) for each compound. The degradation products were more pronounced in the particulate compartment and corresponded to known photodegradation products. The ratio of EHTeBB to BEHTBP differed in the mesocosm compartments compared with the technical product used for treatment, indicating increased degradation of EHTeBB relative to BETHBP. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. © 2013 SETAC

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