Environmental impact assessment of land use planning around the leased limestone mine using remote sensing techniques
The Limestone mining lease (ML) area lies between Latitude 24° 43’ N and 24° 45’ N and Longitude 74° 35’ E and 74° 37’ E. It is located in revenue villages Naya Kheda, Amarpura, Sawa, Sindaudi, Jorawar Singh Ka Khera, Rail Ka Amarana, Neem Ka Amarana, Bad Ka Amarana, Medi Ka Amarana, Karunda and Charlia, tehsil and District Chittorgarh in the State of Rajasthan, India. The Mining lease (ML) area is at a distance of 18 Km southwest of Chittorgarh town. It can be approached by road following National Highway No. 79 connecting Ajmer-Indore upto Shambhupura (14 Km) and then taking a diversion of 4 Km on Shambhupura-Sawa Road. The nearest railway station is Shambhupura, which is connected by Ajmer-Khandwa-Ratlam (Metre Gauge) line of Western Railway (WR). Climate and rainfall:- Climate of the region may be classified as generally dry and is characterized by extremes. The area observes maximum temperature of 45 °C in May-June and minimum temperature of 3 °C in January. Average annual rainfall recorded in the area is 700 mm. Physiography:- The topography of the area comprises of plains and hills with the altitude ranging from 41 Om (above MSL) to 600m approx. (above MSL). The area surrounding the mine area is generally more or less undulating plain with gentle slope. The Limestone Mining lease (ML) area is more or less flat with gentle undulations. General slope of the area is from west to east and is drained by small seasonal nallahs (Streams) flowing across it from west to east. While the surrounding areas on the E-W periphery of the 10 Km radius comprises of hills ranging from 460m (above MSL) to 600m (above MSL). While the N-S part of the area lacks hills but some isolated hillocks are present.