Keywords: competitiveness, environmental management, industrial wastes, developing countries, enforcement, Bangladesh, environmental impact assessment, industrialised countries, industrial waste permit system, monitoring, soft loans, technology transfer, waste management, environmental pollution
Environmental management of industrial wastes in developing countries: Bangladesh Case Study
Industrial development in the developing countries of Asia, and in developing countries everywhere, has proceeded without control of pollution emissions and the resulting environmental degradation has now reached a serious level. The population problem, already severe, continues to get worse, forcing acceleration of urbanisation and industrialisation. An effective system for controlling industrial wastes should be established while it is still relatively feasible to do so. Based on lessons learned in the industrialised countries, an action programme is proposed as a meaningful first step toward achieving the long term optimal solution. The essential element is to establish an effective Industrial Waste Permit System including use of appropriate standards and of necessary monitoring. This is the need in virtually all the developing countries, and it is timely for the international assistance agencies to give realistic attention to this problem.