Environmental management plan for port and harbour projects
Port activities can cause deterioration of air and marine water quality in the surrounding areas due to multifarious activities. Hence, for the determination of levels of pollution, identification of pollution sources, control and disposal of waste from various point and non-point sources and for prediction of pollution levels for future, regular monitoring and assessment are required during the entire construction and operation phase of a major port. It is extremely essential that port and harbour projects should have an environmental management plan (EMP), which also incorporates monitoring of air and marine water quality along with the collection of online meteorological data throughout the life of the project. This paper presents the environmental impacts due to various port activities and their sources and also discusses the EMP for different pollution prevention, protection and control measures.