Environmental technology in China
Being in the Guizhou province, south in China, Børge Brende did not only had a meeting with several leaders from the Chinese government, but stopped specially to see one of the monitoring sites in Leigongshan.
In this area the joint Norwegian and Chinese project IMPACTS has studied acid rain’s impact on the Chinese ecological system since 2001. Børge Brende’s visit will high light the project.
The economic growth in China has been accompanied by increasing environmental problems. The Chinese energy consumption increased 5% annually the last twenty years. About 3/4 of the commercial energy production is based on coal.
Coal with a high sulphur content will most likely continue to be the major source as the mainly carrier of energy in the coming decades. In addition the first results of the monitoring that NOx and NH3 contributes considerably in the embittering of the earth and surface water. Emissions of nitrogen oxides are expected to increase rapidly, also due to a major boost in vehicle traffic.
The State Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA) of China and the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) has joined forces against the increasing problem with acid rain in China.
NILU is not the only Norwegian institute that works specially with IMPACTS. The following Norwegian institutions are participating: NIVA, NILU, NISK, NIJOS, UiO, NLH and NUPI where NIVA is the coordinating institute. The IMPACTS web site: www.impacts.net.cn.
AirQUIS in China
NILU participate in several other environmental projects in China. In January 2002 NILU participated in a Norwegian delegation of business leaders who visited China in a week-long trip. The delegation was headed by Prime Minister Kjell Magne Bondevik. Associate Research Director Steinar Larssen from NILU participated.
AirQUIS, an advanced environmental air quality management and planning system, represents an important part in most of these projects in China. The AirQUIS system, the current version is named “AirQUIS 2003” is developed in-house at NILU.
A co-operation was established in 1995 to start the development of air quality management systems in China. The areas selected for planning were:
- Yantai for a monitoring and planning system for air and water quality
- Guangzhou for an air pollution optimal abatement planning tool
Funds were made available from the Norwegian Dept. of Foreign Aid and Development, NORAD, to initiate a co-operative work with Chinese partners to establish the projects.
NILU is also involved in a project in the Shanxi province for Asian Development Bank, where trading of emission permits of sulphur within an urban area is a key focus.