Sustainable development indicator (SDI) frameworks typically adopt a broad understanding of well-being, but an issue has been raised whether they should attempt to consider equity. It is generally accepted that SDI frameworks need to take into account inter-generational equity, but there is no similar consensus about intra-generational equity. This paper explores how intra-generational equity might be related to sustainable development. It takes the core elements of New Zealand's social security – employment, income, housing, health and education – and defines standards for what would be meant by equity for each element. It then proposes a statistical series for measuring departures from each standard and combines these statistics into a proposed equity index. The index is illustrated using New Zealand data in 1996, 2001 and 2006. Data for 2006 record almost no disparity between the male and female populations, but a substantial difference between the European/Pakeha and Maori populations.
Sustainable Biorefineries: An Important Research Topic
In recent years, substantial steps into the transition towards a biobased economy have been taken in order to reduce the reliance on imported oil and the emission of greenhouse gases. As far as Europe is concerned, Sweden, home to theEUBCE 2017in Stockholm, has been very successful in decoupling GHG emissions from economic growth: from 2000 to 2012, total GHG emissions decreased by 16% while overall GDP grew by about 30% (Figure 1). As a result, Sweden more than achieved its commitments to reduce GHG emissions,...
Sustainability Trends from NAEM: Zero Waste, Water Efficiency, and More
Sustainabilityconferences give attendees a valuableopportunity to learn about industry trends directlyfrom the companies that are leading the way! It’s safe to say that attendeeslearned a lot last week in Milwaukee, Wisconsin at the 2016 NAEM Sustainability Management Conference. From benchmarking best practices, to real-world case studies, to suggestions on how to engage with suppliers on common goals, this year’s line-up of speakers didn’t disappoint! For those of you who missed out, or those...
Data analytics and the materials cycle
Data has the potential to revolutionise the materials industry, from extraction to processing to commercialisation. But it can only do so with the right mix of technology, skills and strategy. Dr Matt Jones explains. Using data is nothing new, but the rapid increase in data sources and quantity of data collected means getting the most out of it is ever more important. Properly used, data can provide answers to questions such as – how deep is the metal reserve, under what conditions does fermentation yield...
10 top tips for sustainable cities
As global population grows, urban population is growing even faster — with 2.5 billion more city dwellers expected by 2050, according to the United Nations. And while urbanization can bring benefits in terms of economies of scale, social cohesion, technological innovation, transportation efficiency and more, cities can also be breeding grounds for poverty, pollution and malaise. To help inspire cities to make the most of the opportunities and minimize downsides of growth, the World Economic Forum recently...
A Smaller Footprint - Sustainable Processes for Manufacturing
Manufacturers working to adopt sustainable practices will find support from a new ASTM International guide. This standard (E2986, Guide for Evaluation of Environmental Aspects of Sustainability of Manufacturing Processes) will serve as a key reference tool in helping business and industries find consistent ways to collect data and evaluate metrics regarding sustainability, ultimately helping them reduce their environmental footprint. Amy Costello, sustainability manager at Armstrong World Industries says,...