This report, prepared by the European Environment Agency (EEA) for the environment ministers’ conference in Kiev in May 2003, is the third pan-European state of the environment report in the context of the Environmental Programme for Europe, under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). The main aim of the report is to provide an overview of progress in the Environmental Programme for Europe. Unlike the previous reports, it covers Europe, the whole of the Russian Federation, and the Caucasian and central Asian countries, in other words the full geographical area of the ‘Environment for Europe’ political process.
Environmental impacts of ocean-energy systems: a life-cycle assessment
Ocean-energy technologies — which harvest renewable energy from the sea — will have a significant role to play in a future low-carbon society. A recent life-cycle analysis of different ocean-energy devices has found that life-cycle environmental impacts are caused mainly by the materials used in the mooring, foundations and structures. Improving the efficiency and lifespan of the devices, as well as improving mooring and foundations and deploying devices further out at sea, will help to further reduce...
Environmental Assessment Brownfield Study
In late 2011, Global was contracted by the Genesee County Land Bank and City of Flint to prepare an Environmental Assessment (EA) in accordance with guidelines set for by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) 24 CFR Part 58 for the Smith Village Project. Global utilized the HUD recommended format during the preparation of the EA including completion of the Statutory Checklist and Environmental Assessment Checklist. As part of the EA process, Global completed several Phase I ESA, Phase II ESA,...
Mitigating the effect of weather on environmental noise measurements
Many factors play a part when creating a reliable environmental noise assessment. This paper provides a practical look at the effect of weather conditions on sound levels to raise awareness of the importance of meteorology in noise measurements. It references requirements for measuring meteorology in BS-4142:2014 and compares them to legislation from other countries. It also covers how variations due to weather can add considerably to measurement uncertainty and should not be overlooked.
Environmental impact of recycling metals from ships: a life cycle assessment
New research has examined three different categories of Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA), each with different goals. The researchers find that overlaps between the three assessments could be combined to create a more comprehensive form of ERA, usable by regulators and environmental decision makers. Life cycle assessment (LCA) can measure the environmental impact of the different stages of a ship’s life cycle, from design to dismantling. This assessment focused on the impact of recycling the metal parts of a...
Combining exposure and effect modelling into an integrated probabilistic environmental risk ...
There is a growing need for good environmental risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs). Environmental risk assessment of ENPs has been hampered by lack of data and knowledge about ENPs, their environmental fate and their toxicity. This leads to uncertainty in the risk assessment. To effectively deal with uncertainty in the risk assessment, probabilistic methods are advantageous. In the present study, the authors develop a method to model both the variability and uncertainty in environmental risk...