This report, prepared by the European Environment Agency (EEA) for the environment ministers’ conference in Kiev in May 2003, is the third pan-European state of the environment report in the context of the Environmental Programme for Europe, under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). The main aim of the report is to provide an overview of progress in the Environmental Programme for Europe. Unlike the previous reports, it covers Europe, the whole of the Russian Federation, and the Caucasian and central Asian countries, in other words the full geographical area of the ‘Environment for Europe’ political process.
Scope Of A Environmental Site Assessment
Environmental remediation can be a grueling process for commercial propery owenrs, especialliy if it`s unexpected. Environmental remediation is often prompted by the results of an ESA (Environmental Site Assessment). An ESA has become a standard component of many actions related to commerical property, such as purchasing the site, applying for a land-use permit, and more. Grand Slam Construction has created a resource that covers the scope of a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment (please click below to see...
Assessment of groundwater vulnerability to nitrate pollution caused by agricultural practices
Environmental risk assessment is a step towards identification, analysis, and classification of risk factors and thus reduction of the possibility of adverse consequences. In this research, a novel approach for environmental risk assessment on groundwater pollution is applied. By combination of aquifer vulnerability DRASTIC map, pollution severity and prioritizing of the plain regions by the TOPSIS method, more sensitive regions of Qazvin aquifer in Iran are identified. In the first step, seven hydro-geological...
Sewage sludge as fertiliser – environmental assessment of storage and land application options
Sewage sludge (SS) contains beneficial plant nutrients and organic matter, and therefore application of SS on agricultural land helps close nutrient loops. However, spreading operations are restricted to certain seasons and hence the SS needs to be stored. Storage and land application of SS are both potential sources of greenhouse gases and ammonia, leading to global warming, acidification and eutrophication. Covering the stored SS, treating it with urea and choosing the correct time for land application all have...
Environmental impacts of ocean-energy systems: a life-cycle assessment
Ocean-energy technologies — which harvest renewable energy from the sea — will have a significant role to play in a future low-carbon society. A recent life-cycle analysis of different ocean-energy devices has found that life-cycle environmental impacts are caused mainly by the materials used in the mooring, foundations and structures. Improving the efficiency and lifespan of the devices, as well as improving mooring and foundations and deploying devices further out at sea, will help to further reduce...
The Phase 1 Environmental Assessment
In today’s world where every property is subject to potential environmental risks a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment or ESA is an appropriate action to take. An ESA can help determine if the property has been contaminated by previous or current activities. The ESA can help protect the purchaser of a property from environmental risks prior to the closing on a property. Lenders commonly require and ESA because it helps the lender determine if any environmental risks found could devalue the property or...