This is the European Community emission inventory report under the UNECE Convention on Long‑range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP). The report and its accompanying data are provided by the European Commission on behalf of the European Community as an official submission to the Executive Secretary of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe via the secretariat for the Executive Body of the LRTAP Convention. The report is updated and produced each year for submission under the reporting requirements of the Convention.
Under the LRTAP Convention, Parties (including the European Community) are obliged to report emissions data for a number of air pollutants, including sulphur oxides (SOX), nitrogen oxides (NOX), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), ammonia (NH3), carbon monoxide (CO), primary particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5), heavy metals (HMs) and persistent organic pollutants (POPs).
This report provides information on:
- the institutional arrangements and data sources that underpin the European Community's LRTAP Convention emission inventory (Chapter 1);
- emission trends, by pollutant based on the emission reports received from the EU-27 Member States (1) (Chapter 2);
- contributions of key source categories to emissions (Chapter 3); and
- recalculations of emission estimates previously reported (Chapter 4).
Several new elements have been incorporated into this year's European Community emission inventory report compared to last year's publication (2). The report now provides an analysis of the main sources of air pollutants within the EU on a combined pollutant basis, a summary of the approaches used by the different Member States to estimate emissions from the transport sector, and an overview of projections data that countries reported to the Convention in 2009.
EU-27 emission trends
The main air pollutant emission trends in the period 1990–2007 for NOX, CO, NMVOCs, SOX, NH3, PM10 and PM2.5 by country, and aggregated for the EU-27 are described in this report. Due to various gaps in the underlying data reported by Member States, the total EU-27 emissions of these air pollutants cannot be estimated for all years.
Across the EU-27 the largest reduction in emissions in percentage terms has been achieved for the acidifying pollutant SOX: emissions in 2007 were 72 % less than in 1990. Emissions of other key air pollutants also fell during this period, including emissions of the three air pollutants primarily responsible for the formation of ground-level ozone in the atmosphere: CO (57 % reduction), NMVOCs (47 % reduction) and NOX (36% reduction).
Trends of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) levels have been compiled for the years 2000–2007 only. According to the data reported by Member States, emissions of these pollutants decreased by 11 % (PM10) and 12 % (PM2.5) in the EU-27 during this period.
The emission trends of the main pollutants within the EU-27 are illustrated in Figure ES1.