Evaluation of DNA extraction methods and dilution treatment for detection and quantification of Acanthamoeba in water and biofilm by real-time PCR

0
- By: ,

Courtesy of IWA Publishing

Acanthamoeba, human pathogens and natural hosts of pathogenic bacteria, may be accurately detected and quantified by real-time PCR if Acanthamoeba DNA are properly extracted and PCR inhibitors are effectively eliminated. However, the optimization of DNA extraction methods has not been reported for Acanthamoeba. This study compared the effectiveness of two DNA extraction/purification methods (FastDNA® Spin Kit for soil and Wizard® SV genomic DNA Purification System) by using trophozoites and cysts of Acanthamoeba castellanii and water and biofilm samples of cooling towers. DNA of A. castellanii extracted with the FastDNA® Kit and quantified by TaqMan PCR resulted in a lower variation (CV of Ct < 3%), greater linearity (R2=0.99), and higher slopes (1.177–1.187 log fg DNA/log cell number) as compared to that by the Wizard® Kit. For field testing, the number of Acanthamoeba-positive samples and the Acanthamoeba DNA quantity were both greater with the FastDNA® Kit than with the Wizard® Kit (P=0.016 and <0.0001, respectively). Beneficial effects with dilutions of extracted DNA were also revealed with the FastDNA® Kit (P=0.0003). In conclusion, DNA extraction by the FastDNA® Kit coupled with dilution of extracted DNA and PCR analysis are recommended for detecting and quantifying environmental Acanthamoeba.

Keywords: Acanthamoeba, biofilm, real-time PCR, water

Customer comments

No comments were found for Evaluation of DNA extraction methods and dilution treatment for detection and quantification of Acanthamoeba in water and biofilm by real-time PCR. Be the first to comment!