IWA Publishing

Experiencing Ecological Sanitation (Eco-San) in Kenia

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Many cultures have understood the value of urine and faeces for agricultural purposes for centuries, and latrine designs based on the concepts of ecological sanitation have been used in Asia and parts of Africa for hundreds of years.

So far, Ecological Sanitation (Eco-San) has made little progress in Africa despite decades of promotion by donors. The practical and environmental benefits of 'closing the loop' (i.e. recycling the nutrients in excreta) seem remote to most poor African households. There are, however, a number of physical conditions – including high water table and hard rocky ground - which can increase the comparative advantage of many forms of Eco-San technology.

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