Keywords: rural development, rural sustainability, farming, multifunctionality, small-scale entrepreneurship, rural-environmental policy, local food production, renewable energy production, Finland, sustainable development, agriculture, local networking, rural livelihoods, heat production
Experiments in sustainable rural livelihood in Finland
This paper addresses rural development and farm level action in Finland by posing the following main questions: What is the pioneering potential of small-scale entrepreneurship in enhancing rural sustainability? What are the specialisations feasible for such entrepreneurship in the present societal circumstances? What kind of local networking does it take to sustain on-farm activity for rural sustainability? We present empirical evidence from Central Finland about the ways in which both local food entrepreneurship and farm-based renewable energy production add to the rural livelihood and particularly to its social dimension. It is concluded that there is a potential overall impact on sustainable rural livelihood generated by novel entrepreneurship in local food and heat production.