The implementation of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in Indonesia is mostly forced to follow government rules. Government also enacted some regulations that all state–owned companies (SOCs) allocate some of their profits in CSR programs. This paper attempts to analyse the effectiveness of CSR programs run by SOCs, and to assess the contributions of those programs in addressing social and environmental issues - which have been a government agenda. The findings of this paper reveal that government have fostered SOCs to prioritise strengthening economic programs for small–medium enterprises (SMEs). In the other sites, government has minimum attention to encourage SOCs to empower potential rural areas' economic development as well as to overcome their social issues. The results of this paper are to provide information as guidance for government and SOCs to align each social mission through social responsibility programs in creating sustainable development.
Keywords: corporate social responsibility, CSR, state–owned enterprises, SOE, sustainable development, environmental sustainability, Indonesia, government regulation, small and medium–sized enterprises, SMEs, rural areas, economic development, social issues