Extended Producer Responsibility Laws: A Global Policy Analysis
Extended Producer Responsibility laws are now on the books in 29 countries for packaging, 15 for batteries, and nine cover electronics. The concept is popular in Europe, but has spread to Asia and Latin America. Have these policies been successful in maximizing recovery rates for different materials? Have they sent a strong message on packaging design or has the complexity of the system reduced the effect? Have the EPR systems had an impact on material producers and consumer habits? Retailers? Is the idea sustainable for tomorrow’s new material society? This paper compares approaches to recycling policy in the U.S. and Europe, with analysis of the shortcomings of existing systems. It includes some suggestions for areas governments should consider to improve existing policies, no matter which system they currently have.