ABS Consulting

Facility siting changes for process plant buildings in the works

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Facility siting identifies hazards that may affect process plant buildings, assesses the potential consequences and leads to the development of a means to manage the risks of these hazards. In short, it is a procedure to make sure process building siting (location, construction and function) is appropriate based on the known hazards (toxic, fire and
explosion) at the facility.Past incidents at petrochemical facilities have been the initial catalyst for the recognition of building siting issues. Observations during the investigation of these incidents have indicated that in many of these accidents, particularly those involving explosions, the people inside a building may be at higher risk to injury than those
outside of a building. Facility siting evaluations are typically performed using guidelines in documents such as the API’s RP-752 (“Management of Hazards Associated with Location of Process Plant Buildings”) and the American Institute
of Chemical Engineers/Center for Chemical Process Safety publication, “Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions and Fires.” The analysis includes predicting the consequences to occupants of existing buildings from potential events that generate explosion, fire and toxic hazards while offering solutions to address buildings with occupants at undue risk. Also, new buildings warrant a siting evaluation to identify appropriate locations relative to hazards and proper construction.

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