Factors influencing flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseuis) distribution in the Pulicat Lagoon ecosystem, India
The shallow (1.5 m) Pulicat Lagoon in India supports a variety of migratory birds (125 species), especially flamingos and storks. Flamingo populations in this area are dominated by Phoenicopterus roseuis, and they are densely distributed in shallow areas and fringes of the lake where the water level is below 40 cm. Eighteen flamingo groups are distributed around the lagoon with ~750 individuals per group. Flamingo populations are greatest in places where fish, algal, and benthic faunal biomass are highest. Physiological adaptations and morphology of flamingo are important criteria for selecting feeding locations.