Keywords: fair trade gold, mercury, small-scale mining, gold mining, artisanal mining, environment, environmental pollution, human health, health risks, sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana
'Fair trade' gold: A key to alleviating mercury pollution in sub-Saharan Africa?
This paper critically assesses the ability of 'Fair Trade' gold to reduce mercury usage in small-scale gold mines through standard setting. It identifies the barriers – both practical and theoretical – that must be overcome to bring such an initiative to fruition. It concludes by questioning the auditing approach, asking whether the tenets of Fair-Trade-discourse of 'partnership' and 'responsibility' are conceptually shared by operators it has targeted.