Feasibility and barriers to entry for small-scale CDM forest carbon projects: a case study from the northeastern peruvian amazon
The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) of the Kyoto Protocol purports to support sustainable development in host developing countries whilst simultaneously achieving climate change mitigation. This paper uses a case study in Peru to analyze how existing legal and policy structures of the CDM influence its ability to meet these dual aims. It focuses on the CDM’s small-scale modalities, which have been developed to enable greater access to the carbon market by poorer countries and producers. The findings offer insights into reform of the CDM in future commitment periods of the Kyoto Protocol, lessons learned for implementing CDM projects in specific contexts and development of rules and modalities for Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF). The paper concludes that a simplification of the CDM forestry rules and requirements, combined with a broadening of eligible activities to take a more holistic approach to land-use activities, is necessary if there is to be widespread implementation of these types of projects.