This paper describes the financing mechanisms for the sanitation programme supported by the Orangi Pilot Project’s Research and Training Institute (OPP–RTI) in informal settlements in Karachi and other urban centres in Pakistan. These centre on OPP–RTI support for the inhabitants of a lane to plan, implement and finance the “internal components” – sanitary latrines in the houses, underground sewers in the lanes and neighbourhood collector sewers – and support for local governments to finance the larger “external” trunk sewers into which the neighbourhood sewers feed and also treatment plants. The inhabitants have to raise all the funding to cover the costs of the internal components and in around 300 locations in Pakistan, communities have financed, managed and built their own internal sanitation systems. Local governments can also afford to install the external systems as they no longer have to fund the internal components, and as OPP–RTI has helped them develop much lower-cost methods for planning and building trunk sewers.
Advantages of Low Charge Ammonia Systems for Operator Training & Regulatory Compliance
Operator training has become one of the most prevalent areas of deficiency in Process Safety Management (PSM) Programs for refrigeration systems today. High turnover in the refrigeration industry coupled with high complexity system designs and an increasing void of technicians trained in foundational trades are the perfect storm for compliance challenges among operators of large refrigeration systems today. Packaged systems provide many features, attributes and documentation that will satisfy the requirements...
Train derailment prompts contaminated land investigation
On March 30th 2015 a long freight train, transporting a variety of goods including lumber and chemicals, wound its way through the state of Mississippi. At around 5pm, part of the train failed to negotiate a curved portion of the track in a rural area near Minter City, resulting in the derailment of nine railcars, one of which leaked chemicals onto agricultural farmland and woodlands. Emergency response and initial remediation activities were undertaken, but the remainder of this article will describe an environmen...
[Training] Noise & Vibration Training Courses from Cirrus Research
Noise & Vibration Training Courses from Cirrus To help you get the best from your noise and vibration measurement equipment, Cirrus provides a range of training workshops, courses and online resources. In addition to the planned workshops and courses, we can also offer bespoke training so please get in touch if you have any questions or if you would like arrange training for you or your organisation. Whether you need a basic introduction to noise, a refresher on the regulations or in-depth training on your...
Omnitracs Outlook 2017 Training: ELD Mandate, Roadnet anywhere, and more
Getting healthy or traveling might be part of your New Year’s resolutions, but have you thought about professional development? Fleet managers who want to cut inefficiencies and work smarter in 2017 are joining us at Omnitracs Outlook 2017. With over 70 breakout sessions to choose from, there’s something for everyone — whether you’re a Safety Specialist, Logistics Analyst, Transportation Manager, DOT Trainer, Router, or the CIO. Those who seek hands-on product training will be happy to...
eLearning VS Classroom Training – Pros and Cons
A Balanced Overview of Both Learning Methods Many students struggle to choose between an eLearning course and a classroom course. With the growth of the internet and the eLearning industry, a debate continues amongst professionals on the pros and cons of each method. Some people are adamantly against eLearning, whilst others acknowledge it has an important place and that classroom learning does not always work for everyone. As such I thought it would be useful to compare the two so our future students can make...