Focus Bioenergy No 5 2004: Peat - a domestic fuel with advantages
Total peat volume in Sweden is estimated to 100 billion m2. However, a large part of these assets are situated in wetlands that are important for biodiversity. The total climate impact of peat depends on emissions at combustion, but also on whether the extraction causes considerable natural flows of greenhouse gases from the peat land to cease. Often the total climate im-pact is well below that from coal or oil. There are also synergy effects between peat and wood fuels. Considering its summarized effects on socio-economic development and environment, and with regard to its value as a domestic energy reserve, the Swedish Peat Commission (2002) settled that peat does have a role in a sustainable energy system, and that it should thus be on a par with forest fuels in terms of regulations and steering instruments.