Fuel modification by means of water. Application of Intensifier of Technological Process ABC-100

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The Intensifier of Technological Process (or ABC-100) can be successfully applied at the fuel industry for liquid hydrocarbon fuels modification by means of water. This unit can be used for production of motor and heating fuels which have improved operational and ecological characteristics.

The mode of obtaining of modified liquid hydrocarbon fuel includes mixing of hydrocarbon components and the water by means of rotate electromagnetic field. Ratio of the hydrocarbon component and water is 60 to 40 and 98 to 2.

To increase the octane number of blending components we injected oxygenates which was equal to 5-10% of all mass of the hydrocarbon component.

During less than 10 seconds the mixing components rotate in the electromagnetic field. Fuels obtained by this method allow reaching their complete burning and increase technical and economic parameters.

A method of obtaining an emulsion fuel, comprising the simultaneous mixing of fuel, water and the stabilizer (surfactant) to maintain the stability of fuel-water emulsions.

According to this method we mix water and SAA and after that we add to this solution the fuel or we mix fuel, water and stabilizer simultaneously. Injection of the fuel into emulsion proceeds with the ratio of speed and flow equal to the value 1:1:50.

Main insufficiency of this method is usage of SAA. As a rule, utilization of this component gives negative operational and ecological effects such as carbon deposit on the rings and cylinder, high concentration of CO and CH in the propulsive gas. Besides, this technology is very difficult and insecure. Even small irregularity of proportions of the base components flow speed can destroy emulsion (emulsion become unstable).

The method includes dispersive water fractionation in the fuel to the size 1 micron by means of fractionation like sieve, or statical, rotary and ultrasonic mixing machine. Obtained emulsified fuel contains emulsified system which includes the one of the compound sorbidol ether.

By this method modification of the diesel fuel leads to decreasing of the cetane number, to viscosity growth and increasing of the soluble gum content. The fractionation process by means of different types of mixer machine and application of sieves is very difficult. This process performed cyclically to obtaining the droplet of water of desired size.

At room temperature the time of preserving stability of this emulsion not to exceed three months, that not enough for industrial utilization.

Relative to above-described method utilization of Intensifier of Technological Process allows obtaining stable antifloating fuels by means of rotate electromagnetic field which is created in the working space of the ABC unit.

The technical result is increase of economic and operational characteristics of fuels.

How do we reach this? During 10-15 seconds we mixed the components at the room temperature into the rotate electromagnetic field created by ABC unit. Water content in the hydrocarbon component reaches the value 2-40% of the mass. Obtained by this method water-fuel emulsions are very stable; so you don't need to use SAA.

Invention suggests utilize oxygenates as additives which increase octane and cetane numbers. We have used water-soluble oxygenates including spirits (such as ethyl alcohol) and ethers.

After fuel modification by means of water we have obtained fuel which is fit with all standards but has higher octane number (increased by 2-3 positions). You can see the comparison results of the exhaust gases content before and after modification in the table 1. As you can notice, CO and CH value content is reduced.

Invention can be implemented by all producers of fuels including producers of heating oil. Application of this unit allows obtaining stable and not peeling liquid hydrocarbon compositions with the water.

Fuel modified by means of water fits with standards and has higher value of octane number relative to the base sample. Testing of the fuel samples modified by water allows discovering their detergent effect.

This emulsion permits to reach high total fuel and carbon sediments burning, also increases technical and economic indices of fuels.

You can reach this result by using The Intensifier of Technological Process and application of ferromagnetic particles.

Exemplary embodiment.

Example 1.

Reagents processing. The capsule from steel was filled by - 1750 ml of benzine (0.85-0.9 % of volume), - 500±50 g of ferromagnetic particles, - 2-40% of water and 5-20% of oxygenates. This capsule was closed hermetically and processed by Intensifier of Technological Process during 10-15 seconds. As result we obtain a stable water-fuel emulsion which is nonsegregating over a long period of time.

Application of ABC unit permits to change molecular structure of fuel and water during the mixing process. Blending of water and fuel generates a new chemical compound which cannot be destroyed.

Water content in the benzine depends on processing condition of hydrocarbon molecule by means of vortex layer. These molecules undergo inside structural changes, also change their physicochemical properties.

Example 2. In the same way as in the previous example, capsule was filled by 1750 ml of diesel fuel and 3-5% of water.

As result it was obtained the water-fuel emulsion which has high ecological characteristics and high cetane number.

Example 3. In the same way as in the first example, capsule was filled by black oil. Obtained water-fuel emulsion allows reaching high total fuel and carbon sediments burning, decrease nitric oxide emissions into the atmosphere and also permits to remove difficult and expensive devices for black oil dewatering and cleaning of precipitated water.

Industrial production of fuels by means of Intensifier of Technological Process permits to obtain considerable economical effect by using the water as a fuel and reduce emissions into the atmosphere of pollutants and other substances.

Table 1

?? sample

Quantity of revolutions per minute

MIL-G-3056C Type 2 (USA)

Benzine modified by water
probe 26

??, %

CH, ppm

??, %

CH, ppm

1

Quantity

0,5

490

0,4

400

2

revolutions per minute

0,8

500

0,2

370

3

(trace)

0,9

550

0,1

350

Average value

0,73

497

0,24

374

1

2500-

1,3

190

0,6

180

2

3000

1,25

200

0,1

180

3

revolutions per minute

1,25

200

0,1

180

Average value

1,27

197

0,27

180

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