This paper investigated treatment of landfill leachate collected from Nonthaburi landfill site, Thailand, by using immobilized white rot fungi, namely, Trametes versicolor BCC 8725 and Flavodon flavus BCC 17421. Effects of pH and co-substrates were investigated at different contact times. Three types of co-substrates as carbon source used in this study are glucose, corn starch and cassava. Treatment efficiency was evaluated based on color, BOD, and COD removal. Initial BOD and COD were found to be 5,600 and 34,560 mg/L, respectively. The optimum pH was found to be 4, the optimum co-substrate concentration (glucose, corn starch and cassava) was 3 g/L and the optimum contact time was 10 days for both types of fungi. Addition of glucose, corn starch and cassava as co-substrate at optimum conditions could remove 78, 74, and 66% of color, respectively for T. versicolor and 73, 68, and 60%, respectively, for F. flavus. Moreover, for T. versicolor, BOD and COD reduction of 69 and 57%, respectively, could be achieved at optimum conditions when using glucose as a co-substrate. For F. flavus, BOD and COD reduction of 66 and 52%, respectively were obtained when using glucose as a co-substrate. White rot fungi can be considered potentially useful in the treatment of landfill leachate as they can help in removing color, BOD and COD due to their biodegradative abilities.
Keywords: biodegradation, color, co-substrate, immobilization, landfill leachate, white rot fungi