Keywords: China, gender, welfare state, economic transition, informal labour, migration, developing countries, welfare mechanisms, gender-differentiated outcomes, economic reforms, welfare reforms, women, state benefits, gendered patterns, business, globalisation, Asia
Gender and the welfare state in China
In recent years, the scope of welfare state analysis - originally focused on advanced, industrialised Western countries - has expanded to include developing countries such as China. This paper investigates the evolution of the Chinese welfare state from 1949 to the present day, incorporating a gender perspective. Of particular interest is the evolution of welfare mechanisms and their effects on gender-differentiated outcomes. The paper therefore notes the ways that economic reform and welfare reform interlink to affect women's access to various welfare state benefits. Gendered patterns of migration and informal labour are also examined in this context.