The town of Eislingen in Southern Germany has practiced Active Leakage Control for many years with a team of two equipped with a ground microphone and correlator who drive around in a van searching for leaks. As many of the pipes are one hundred years they had a good success rate often finding leaks. With two hundred and forty kilometers in the network, there is a large area for one team to cover and the leak detection process is expensive, laborious and lacking strategy.
The engineers at Eislingen have been looking at different ways to improve the efficiency at finding leaks for several years. One option they considered was sectorising their network into many smaller zones to identify increases of flow, however they decided this method was going to take a long time to implement and would not tell them where the leaks were. They have wanted a fixed network to deliver the leakage results every day, however until know they had not found a system that met their expectations.
After trialing the ZoneScan permanent monitoring system from Gutermann they realized that this system could be installed within a few weeks and provide immediate results notifying them of the location of all the leaks.
The ZoneScan system comprises of correlating noise loggers, radio repeaters and ALPHA data collection modules. The noise loggers are deployed magnetically on valves and hydrants, the repeaters are installed on street lamps and the ALPHA were deployed on the top of a hill overlooking the town. The ALPHA collect the information from the loggers every day via the repeaters using radio communication and then send the data to the web host using GPRS.
4. Map from ZoneScan NET software (Red dots = high noise logger positions / fuzzy orange dot is leak position)
On the first installation sixty loggers were deployed and forty four repeaters and two ALPHA were required to collect this information.
In this deployment area there are a number of busy roads with constant traffic that the leakage team at Eislingen have difficulties in surveying.
First Results in Zonescan Net
Analyzing the results after the first day of deployment we could see a lot of correlations that are automatically calculated showing a couple of leak positions. The map in Figure 4 shows the area together with the GIS map showing pipe, valve and hydrant information layered on top of the Google map in the ZoneScan software. The orange fuzzy dots are the correlated leak positions and the arrows indicate correlated leak positions with pipe data between the two points. The loggers are represented by coloured dots and are colour coded green for no leak, orange for possible leak and red for probable leak.
When we look at the amplitude distribution graphs (or 'Histogram', see in Figures 5 below) which show the noise level and number of samples recorded, we can see that the noise of forty five to fifty decibels is very loud and the narrow peaks mean the noise was very consistent.