This paper examines two European national parks (Jostedalsbreen, Norway; Hohe Tauern, Austria) and explores the connection between management strategies and regional sustainable development. The paper shows that contextual factors play an important role in the designing management organisation. Park management is adapted to specific conservation policies: the Austrian management is suited to “high use pressure – full range” areas, while the Norwegian model fits the lower pressure and high mountain conservation approach with very limited use demands. The complex management structure in Austria is a result of national and regional structures; the Norwegian model comes from national sector policy approaches.
Keywords: management of protected areas, national parks, management strategies, governance, regional sustainable development