Keywords: green ICT, information technology, communications technology, small and medium-sized enterprises, SMEs, environmental sustainability, sustainable development, ICT frameworks, India, service companies, climate change, global warming, resource optimisation, resource utilisation, Bhubaneswar, unlisted companies, AABSyS IT, Allay Software Solutions, CSM Technologies, Exilant Consulting, Kalingasoft, Karak Technologies, green economics
Green IT framework for small and medium scale Indian IT services companies
The information technology (IT) industry has a vital role to play in abating the threat of climate change and global warming. Green IT is defined for the purpose of this paper, as a specific set of initiatives that IT companies are taking to optimise their resource-utilisation, with the aim of becoming environmentally sustainable. The literature suggests that there are many Green IT frameworks available that can help companies to develop their Green IT strategies. It was also observed that Indian IT services companies, specifically that small and medium scale companies, operate in a different environment and that existing frameworks are not suitable for them. This paper proposes a more suitable Green IT framework using a sample of IT services companies in Bhubaneswar, India. The small and medium scale IT companies were defined as those which are not listed on any stock exchange - unlisted. An extensive framework was then developed and tested with six unlisted IT services companies in Bhubaneswar.