Green procedurement is not new. Congress recognized its potential when it enacted the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) in 1976. RCRA directs the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to identify products made with recycled waste materials or solid waste byproducts and develop guidelines for purchasing them. These are the four federal green purchasing programs.
Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG). This program is administered by EPA’s Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response. EPA has designated 54 product categories for which recycled-content versions must be chosen over nonrecycled alternatives, provided that the recycled products are reasonably available and comparable in performance. EPA issued the first CPG in 1995 pursuant to RCRA Section 6002 and Executive Order 12783.