This paper offers a critique of the increasing commercialisation of healthcare. It argues for a gift economy in which patients are respected for their knowledge and capacity to help control their own health outcomes as co-producers rather than consumers whose market wants need to be stimulated. It notes the perverse consequences for both patients and medical staff of treating healthcare as a traded commodity. The paper suggests that in the UK medical opinion is strongly in favour of socialised medicine but medical staff do not make their political voices heard loudly enough.
Comparison of viscoelastic models with a different number of parameters for transient simulations
The numerical and analytical models used for transient simulations, and hence for the pressurized pipe system diagnosis, require the definition of a rheological component related to the pipe material. The introduction and the following widespread use of polymeric material pipes, characterized by a viscoelastic behavior, increased the complexity and the number of parameters involved in this component with respect to metallic materials. Furthermore, since tests on specimens are not reliable, a calibration procedure...
Power and policy in floodplain management, drawing on research in Alberta, Canada
Floodplain management policy (FMP) implementation and change involve a range of actors and opportunities for power to be exercised. Considering four different conceptualizations of power, this paper explores the actors and instances where power emerges in FMP implementation and change, using Alberta, Canada, as our focus. We consider which conceptualization is most reflective of the Alberta context. We conclude that all four views of behaviour are relevant here, with some power dynamics between actors more...
Green Intentions in the Brexit White Paper?
Following the recent Parliamentary vote where MPs approved legislation allowing for Article 50 to be triggered, and as we hurtle towards Theresa May’s own end-of-March deadline, the United Kingdom Government has published its previously promised Brexit White Paper (officially known as `The United Kingdom’s exit from and partnership with the European Union White Paper`). The intention of the Paper is to provide an indication of the position the Government will take on key issues surrounding Brexit...
Optimal waste load allocation using graph model for conflict resolution
In this paper, a new methodology is proposed for waste load allocation in river systems using the decision support system (DSS) for the graph model for conflict resolution II (GMCRII), multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) analysis and the Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) algorithm. Minimization of total treatment and penalty costs and minimization of biological oxygen demand violation of standards at the check point are considered as the main objectives of this study. At first, the water...
Trends and projections in the EU ETS in 2016 — The EU Emissions Trading System in numbers
About this reportThis 2016 report of the European Environment Agency (EEA) provides an analysis of past, present and future emissions trends under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), based on the latest data and information available from the European Commission (i.e. May 2016 data on verified emissions and compliance by operators under the EU ETS for the years up until 2015) and Member States (projections of EU ETS emissions until 2030, reported under the EU Monitoring Mechanism Regulation (MMR) (EU, 2013c))....