High NH4+-N concentration wastewater treatment by shortcut nitrification–denitrification using a system of A/O inner loop fluidized bed biofilm reactors

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In this experiment, a rapid mass-transfer inner loop fluidized bed biofilm reactor (ILFBBR) was employed to treat synthetic high ammonia nitrogen-containing (NH4+-N) wastewater by shortcut nitrification–denitrification. The reactor operation was stable after a short start-up period. Ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) were predominant and 65% nitrite (NO2-N/NOx-N) levels were achieved. During the nitrification–denitrification period, the removal rates of NH4+-N and total nitrogen (TN) reached 94 and 82%, respectively. From the material balance, it was indicated that 87% of NH4+-N was removed by shortcut nitrification. The features of ILFBBR and the benefits of shortcut nitrification were combined in this experiment, and showed an excellent removal of NH4+-N from high-concentration NH4+-N wastewater.

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