Objectives: This observational study aimed to assess distress related to the household water supply and to examine the relationship between household water insecurity and psychological health among Nepali postnatal women. Methods: In total, 300 women consented to participate in the study, of which 267 women were able to participate in a follow-up 1 month after discharge. We developed a household water insecurity scale (HWIS; total score range 0–24 points) by adapting the household food insecurity access scale. Results: The Cronbach's coefficient alpha for the HWIS was moderately acceptable. Psychological health was assessed in terms of postnatal depression and physical health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The median score of the HWIS was 8, and more than 60% of the participants answered that they sometimes or often worried about not having enough water, used only small amounts of water, had a lack of hygiene, and had insufficient time for childrearing. Multiple regression models showed that women with high levels of stress derived from household water insecurity had greater odds of probable depression and lower physical HRQOL scores than did women with low HWIS scores. Conclusion: The results suggest that improving water security is necessary to foster maternal psychological health in developing countries.
- IWA Publishing
- Household water insecurity, depression and quality of life among ...
Groundwater Exploration in South Sudan - Case Study
Purpose The Radler Foundation, Water Harvest International, and East African Ministries are humanitarian organizations working to bring water wells to villages in rural areas of Africa. In February 2015, they wanted better information about where to drill a well in the Yeri Mozo Village in South Sudan in order to provide access to safe and clean water—and improve the quality of life—for local villagers. Process Selecting groundwater sites and performing groundwater exploration are far easier tasks...
Remediation of a failing filter bed Works - Case Study
Greener Waste Technology is a Process Engineering and Environmental Consultancy specialising in the Municipal sector. Following several years of extensive research Greener Waste Technology has advanced the unique bacteria dosing technology which has been successfully introduced to a number of water companies. The BioCube is being successfully used in wastewater treatment to optimise processes which suffer from excess FOG, BOD overload, poor nitrification, and poor sludge quality.
Permeation testing of PET bottles in the production of mineral water - Case Study
S.Pellegrino mineral water is recognized globally as one of the leading mineral waters on the market. Flowing from a thermal springs in the heart of the Orobic Alps, its properties were known and appreciated since the thirteenth century. In the late nineteenth century it reached peak popularity. In response to the growing demand for entire cases of water from the springs in 1899 the modern S.Pellegrino Company was founded, producing 35,345 bottles of which 5,562 were exported around the world.The taste of S.Pellegr...
Avondale Foods effluent treatment - Case Study
Introduction Avondale Foods (Craigavon) Ltd. is one of the UK`s leading manufacturers and suppliers of coleslaw, wet salads, side salads, vegetable accompaniments, soups, sauces and mayonnaise to retail and foodservice customers throughout Britain and Ireland. The company has a team of over 380 people working in its state-of-the-art facility, with all products being manufactured on the same site Avondale Foods installed an effluent treatment system in 2005 to treat all trade effluent produced on site. Over time...
The census application case of USV lake - Case study
Time: June 2015Equipment: sample collection monitoring USV , portable monitoring instruments Take the water quality survey of 53 representative lake in Wuhan. Collecting and recording sample automatic from these 53 lakes by USV, monitoring and recording water quality, PH, temperature, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, turbidity online,The results of the survey: Collect 673 water samples from 53 lakes; Online water quality monitoring stations at 4678pcs of 53 lakes Generate sample collection reports,monitoring...