Objectives: This observational study aimed to assess distress related to the household water supply and to examine the relationship between household water insecurity and psychological health among Nepali postnatal women. Methods: In total, 300 women consented to participate in the study, of which 267 women were able to participate in a follow-up 1 month after discharge. We developed a household water insecurity scale (HWIS; total score range 0–24 points) by adapting the household food insecurity access scale. Results: The Cronbach's coefficient alpha for the HWIS was moderately acceptable. Psychological health was assessed in terms of postnatal depression and physical health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The median score of the HWIS was 8, and more than 60% of the participants answered that they sometimes or often worried about not having enough water, used only small amounts of water, had a lack of hygiene, and had insufficient time for childrearing. Multiple regression models showed that women with high levels of stress derived from household water insecurity had greater odds of probable depression and lower physical HRQOL scores than did women with low HWIS scores. Conclusion: The results suggest that improving water security is necessary to foster maternal psychological health in developing countries.
- IWA Publishing
- Household water insecurity, depression and quality of life among ...
Ruzomberok (Slovakia) Industrial WWTP - Case Study
Number of Tanks: 4Total Volume: 10,000 m³Water Depth: 4.0 mSOTR Standard Oxygen Transfer Rate: 5,095 kgO2/hTotal Airflow: 61,680 Nm3/hNo. of AEROSTRIP® Diffusers: 3,000Ružomberok is a city in northern Slovakia with around 30,000 inhabitants.The local WWTP is built for 600,000 P.E. (BOD load; 700,000 P.E. hydr.). More than 95% of organic load comes from the local paper mill (Mondi SCP, a.s.).Ružomberok WWTP relies on the quality of AEROSTRIP® since 1996.High Efficiency & Long Life Cycle for...
Water Treatment Optimization - Case Study
Drinking water treatment in North America has stringent requirements for effluent water quality, with a great amount of attention being drawn to the presence of hazardous disinfection by-products (DBPs) persisting through water distribution systems. The operation of water treatment plants involves addition of various mixing agents to help with coagulation and settling of organics in the raw water supply, as well as the addition of chlorine for final disinfection. Optimizing water treatment to reduce the risk of...
Groundwater Exploration in South Sudan - Case Study
Purpose The Radler Foundation, Water Harvest International, and East African Ministries are humanitarian organizations working to bring water wells to villages in rural areas of Africa. In February 2015, they wanted better information about where to drill a well in the Yeri Mozo Village in South Sudan in order to provide access to safe and clean water—and improve the quality of life—for local villagers. Process Selecting groundwater sites and performing groundwater exploration are far easier tasks...
Remediation of a failing filter bed Works - Case Study
Greener Waste Technology is a Process Engineering and Environmental Consultancy specialising in the Municipal sector. Following several years of extensive research Greener Waste Technology has advanced the unique bacteria dosing technology which has been successfully introduced to a number of water companies. The BioCube is being successfully used in wastewater treatment to optimise processes which suffer from excess FOG, BOD overload, poor nitrification, and poor sludge quality.
Permeation testing of PET bottles in the production of mineral water - Case Study
S.Pellegrino mineral water is recognized globally as one of the leading mineral waters on the market. Flowing from a thermal springs in the heart of the Orobic Alps, its properties were known and appreciated since the thirteenth century. In the late nineteenth century it reached peak popularity. In response to the growing demand for entire cases of water from the springs in 1899 the modern S.Pellegrino Company was founded, producing 35,345 bottles of which 5,562 were exported around the world.The taste of S.Pellegr...