Hybrid electric vehicles today

There are quite a range of hybrid Electric vehicles on the market today such as the Toyota Prius, Honda Insight,Honda Civic, Toyota Camry, Toyota Highlander and Ford Escape. The Prius is manufactured at a volume of about 5000 per month, and Toyota recently announced that it is making a modest profit on these cars. The cost of HEVs is about $5000 more than comparable conventional vehicles, and their fuel economy is about twice that of their conventional counterparts. Their emissions meet the second strictest regulations in existence: California Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle (SULEV).

How Do They Work?
Hybrid vehicles have a conventional engine (gasoline or diesel) as well as a large battery and an electric motor, so that the wheels of the car are driven by both an internal combustion engine and an electric motor. There are various arrangements for these two motors. In the parallel hybrid car, both the conventional engine and the electric motor are attached to the driveshaft and the wheels of the car. In the series hybrid car, the conventional engine is used only to generate electricity, which then goes through a wire to an electric motor that drives the wheels. , Combinations also exist, for example, the front wheels are driven by a conventional engine and the rear wheels by an electric motor.

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