Keywords: near-field microscopy, tunnelling, vortex, micro-cooling, mesoscopic superconductivity, Andreev reflection, noise measurement, hybrid superconducting nanostructures, very low temperature, local probing, superconductivity nucleation, vortex lattice imaging, doped diamond films, superconducting proximity effect, Josephson junctions, hybrid tunnel junctions, nanotechnology
Hybrid superconducting nanostructures: very low temperature local probing and noise
We review the topic of hybrid superconducting nanostructures by introducing the basic physical concepts and describing recent key experimental results. We discuss the superconductivity nucleation in mesoscopic structures, the vortex lattice imaging in doped diamond films, the superconducting proximity effect, multiple Andreev reflection in Josephson junctions and the electronic micro-cooling in hybrid tunnel junctions. An emphasis is put on very low temperature local probes and noise measurement techniques developed in Grenoble.