Keywords: hydrogen production, alternative energy, fossil fuel, oil, plasma electrolysis, entropy, enthalpy, transportation, hydrocarbons, hydrogen energy
Hydrogen production technology for powering civil and industrial systems: a review
Partial use of alternative energy exemplified by hydrogen energy is expected to reduce negative impacts associated with the current dependence on fossil energy and bring net gain to regional and national economies. Hydrogen has emission levels that are far below the existing and possibly, future standards. Hydrogen energy may enhance energy security and perhaps allay concerns some concerns about global climatic change, environmental issues, energy efficiency, and infrastructure development. Since the production of hydrogen is energy-intensive, a production technique that negates this disadvantage with a high volume output within a reasonable time, is desirable.